|Location||Abidjan is located on Ébrié Lagoon at the coast to the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean). The city has a population of about 4 to 5 million inhabitants.|
|Flag||Features three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green.|
|Motto||District d’Abidjan, acteur de développement|
|Flower||Aerangis biloba (Côte d’Ivoire)|
|Time Zone||GMT (UTC+0)|
|Ethnic Composition||Abbé, Abron, Anyi, Aowin, Attie, Avikam, Baoulé, Bété, Djimini, Dyula, Evalue, Fula, Gio, Hausa, Krahn, Lobi, M’Bato, Mandinka, Mossi, Senufo, Tchaman, Wassa, Yoruba|
|Elevation||18 m (59 ft)|
|Latitude and Longitude||48’E 5°20′28″N, 4°1′41″W|
|Climate||Abidjan has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: Aw) with a pronounced dry season in the low-sun months , no cold season, wet season is in the high-sun months.|
|Annual Mean Temperature||March is the hottest month in Abidjan with an average temperature of 28°C (82°F) and the coldest is September at 24°C (74°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 9 in March. The wettest month is May with an average of 220mm of rain. The best month to swim in the sea is in February when the average sea temperature is 29°C (84°F).|
|Weights and Measures||Metric system|
|Monetary Units||West African CFA franc|
|Telephone Area Codes||225(Côte d’Ivoire country code)|
Abidjan is the economic capital of Ivory Coast and the most populous French-speaking city in West Africa. According to the 2014 Ivory Coast census, Abidjan’s population was 4.7 million, which is 20 percent of the overall population of the country. Within West Africa, only Lagos, the former capital of Nigeria, surpasses Abidjan in population. Considered the cultural crossroads of West Africa, Abidjan is characterised by a high level of industrialisation and urbanisation.
The city expanded quickly after the construction of a new wharf in 1931, followed by its designation as the capital city of the then-French colony in 1933. Abidjan remained the capital of Ivory Coast after its independence from France in 1960. The completion of the Vridi Canal in 1951 enabled Abidjan to become an important sea port. In 1983, the city of Yamoussoukro was designated as the official political capital of Cote d’Ivoire. However, almost all political institutions and foreign embassies continue to be located in Abidjan.
Because Abidjan is also the largest city in the country and the centre of its economic activity, it has officially been designated as the “economic capital” of the country. The Abidjan Autonomous District, which encompasses the city and some of its suburbs, is one of the 14 districts of Ivory Coast.